Túpac Amaru IIand Francisco Pizarro Gonzaléz
Pizarro had no status or claim to his army officer father's land or property. He was considered illegitimate since his father and mother were not married by the catholic church. He and several other of his brothers journeyed across the world to destroy the Inca people of South America. Spain, in it's psychotic glory, even developed the asiento, a granting of permission to other states in Europe 'the right' to force Indigenous and African people into captivity and human trafficking to make money.
For in Spain this was one route to not only become rich but to be acceptable to the elites. The arid area of Trujillo, Spain held out little else for Francisco Pizzaro (1475-1541). And so he set off to get that gold, get that silver.
Túpac Amaru II on 4 November 1780 led a rebellion against Spain in Peru. Born José Gabriel Condorcanqui in Tinta, Cuzco region, he claimed his mother's Indigenous blood in politics and opposed the dominant and oppressive Spanish. He took the name of the last Inca Emperor, his ancestor, assassinated by the Spanish. No less a freedom fighter than any North American during the period, Túpac wanted an end to catholic church and Spanish ruling class exploitation of Indigenous people on their own land. Considered a traitor to the cause of Spain (the Jesuits had 'educated' him and he was a businessman), he was tortured and beheaded by Spanish colonial forces. His wife Micaela Bastidas and other family members, also of Indigenous, African and European blood, were also killed for their resistance.
Tupac and Micaela On Stamp, Peru, 1981
Most of the last decade in Peru has seen it trying, like the other nations on the South American continent, to get some people power/wrestle free of 500 year old capital's grip. In 2011, Ollanta Humala, the president noted that he had to stop the White and near White cronyism serving giant transnationals 'clean up' in the copper, gold and silver mining business, 65% of the Peruvian economic exports. Still the reverberations of the 2008 financial tectonic shift in global money made this a challenge to people finally recovering from armies and militias, to say nothing of cocaine traffickers also raping the society.
The Power That Is Fading But Still Is Music To Capitalist's Ears
Five years ago, the news that Hugo Chavez (1954-2013) of oil rich Venezuela had cancer, was broadcast. It was symbolic in the turn of events generally in South America. His list of enemies, like the myth shrouded Túpac Amaru II and Túpac Amaru I, was long. It included the US state department (foreign service) which paid millions of dollars between 2007 and 2009 to traditionally colonialist groups, often rich and influential in media and trade, to exacerbate problems among Venezuelans in politics, economics and culture. Sparks of corruption among Venezuelans became flames. Opportunism increased as people began to tire of the long time it took to make gains under Chavez. Migration to other South American countries and north to the United States of America was a choice the desperate had to make. In 2009, Peru, too, was under pressure from Washington DC in the person of US ambassador Michael McKinley, who secretly encouraged tough physical measures to break Indigenous roadblocks and other methods to 'free up the way for business.' This same individual is now US ambassador to Brazil where Dilma Rousseff has been removed in 2016 as leader and protests are sweeping the land, including among impoverished people demanding corporate free zones. Africans in Bahia, mixed race people across the vast land are not waiting around.
Underneath Hype Revealed
Peru in the fall of 2016 has recognized, in crude form, it's ineptitude and racist character. A 2009 massacre when 2000 Indigenous protesters faced off with spears in hand to block corporate advances to take more Amazon land resulted in deaths, at least thirty two. Because police were some of those killed, Indigenous people were taken into custody. Fifty three were charged but Spanish, not their languages like Wampi were used in the proceedings. Only the sentences, up to the death penalty were in their Indigenous languages. This racist and culturally destructive move was challenged. The Peru national government had to admit that the Indigenous people could not have killed the police, who had died as the government tried to kill a mass of people and shot their own at Bagua, hundreds of kilometers north of Lima in the wilderness. They were released from prison, having temporarily stopped another generation of those trying to get that gold, get that silver.
23 September 2016
Invisible Nation (Exile 2008)
"...The Americans have never honored treaties with Indigenous peoples and have distorted the facts of their deadly impact on Indigenous peoples in the modern period. Meanwhile, copper, silver, uranium ore and other valuable natural resources have been secured by Whites through deception and outright brutality.
Once at risk from the Europeans (Spanish and Anglos), the Navajo were warred upon. And this assault still it hasn't ended.Though millions of visiting tourists will venture within miles of the Navajo Nation's western boundary at Grand Canyon, they may not think of the Indigenous people as more than scenery..."
Brazil Reflection & Invitation Pt2 (Exile 2014)
"...Even the storied former Workers' Party activist turned president 'Lula' (2 terms, 2003-2011) has a chunk of change jingling around and travels well paid to Africa to encourage Brazilian (at least the rich) good economic relations there. This is Clintonesque money, $100,000 for an hour or two. Current president Dilma Rouseff, also of the Workers' Party has been on board for a Fortaleza, Brazil to Lisbon, Portugal fiber optic link for telecommunications. Lisbon is the seat of former worldwide Portuguese slavery and colonialism. Brazil-EU trade pacts are ready for signing. Meantime, she is promising federal military 'protections against violence' at 2014 World Cup football stadiums across the poverty plagued nation..."